Which Java: Oracle Java JDK vs OpenJDK?
The source version for JPL 7.6.1 is Java 1.7, so no advanced features like lambdas are used. Next versions of JPL will probably use 1.8+ language features.
One can use Oracle JDK or OpenJDK; check a comparison here.
Note there has been some changes in Licenses from Java SE 11. The changes are fairly complex but a good summary and explanation of impact can be found here
The current guide/documentation has been produced using the Oracle Java SE 8.
However, others have reported success with OpenJDK 8 with OpenJ9 as JVM (using the Hotspot may yield a fatal error). The new Java can be obtained from AdaptOpenJDK.
On the other hand, errors have been reported when using:
- OpenJDK 8 with HotSpot VM; see here.
- AdoptOpenJDK 11 (Hotspot), AdoptOpenJDK 11 (OpenJ9), and OracleJDK 13 (Hotspot); see here
jpl.jar via Maven
While the C Native library
libjpl.so and Prolog API
jpl.pl do not change much, the Java API provided in
jpl.jar does tend to change and be updated more frequently to provide a better Prolog access from Java.
Because of this one may want to use a particular SWIPL standard install, like the latest 8.2.0 from the Ubuntu PPA, but use a more updated Java API
jpl.jar that the one coming with such release.
One can then grab the latest JAR file from the packages section in JPL repo or even better add the JPL as a Maven dependency of the Java application by including two repositories: GitHub Packages or JitPack (recommended as no token-based authorization is needed).
JitPack is a service that can serve maven artifacts by accessing GitHub repositores. JitPack will clone a Maven project from GitHub (in this case JPL’s repo), compile it, and serve the JAR artifacts.
The first step is to add the following repository to the POM’s application:
<!-- JitPack used for getting Maven packages from GitHub --> <repository> <id>jitpack.io</id> <name>JitPack Repository</name> <url>https://jitpack.io</url> </repository>
and then include the following dependency:
<!-- JPL bidirectional Prolog-Java: https://github.com/SWI-Prolog/packages-jpl --> <dependency> <groupId>com.github.SWI-Prolog</groupId> <artifactId>packages-jpl</artifactId> <version>V8.3.2</version> <!-- version 7.6.1 of JPL --> </dependency>
For example, the
V8.3.2 version corresponds to a tag in the repo:
Via GitHub Packages
The JPL JAR artifact can also be satisfied/obtained directly from the GitHub Packaging system, without the need to go via JitPack.
The drawback as of today (June 2020 and revisited Dec 2022) is that one as to have authenticate to GitHub (via TOKEN) to even just have read access to a package from GitHub see this post. Indeed, the GitHub documentation explains:
- To download and install packages from a repository, your personal access token (classic) must have the read:packages scope, and your user account must have read permission.
So, to get the JPL dependency via GitHub packages we need to do as follows. First, add the following dependency to the application’s POM file:
<!-- JPL bidirectional Prolog-Java: https://github.com/SWI-Prolog/packages-jpl --> <dependency> <groupId>com.github.SWI-Prolog</groupId> <artifactId>packages-jpl</artifactId> <version>7.6.1</version> </dependency>
Second, add the following repository from where to satisfy the dependency:
<repository> <id>com.github</id> <name>GitHub SWI-Prolog/packages-jpl Apache Maven Packages</name> <url>https://maven.pkg.github.com/SWI-Prolog/packages-jpl/</url> </repository>
Finally, make sure you generate a GitHub personal token with read permission and add the following to your
<servers> <server> <id>com.github</id> <username>USERNAME</username> <password>TOKEN</password> </server> </servers>
For more information see Configuring Apache Maven for use with GitHub Packages.