Prolog API - Reference

jpl_new(+X, +Args, -V)

Create a new Java object.

X can be:

Args is typically a list of datums (values or jrefs) to be passed to the appropriate constructor.

If, however, X denotes an array type and Args is a non-negative integer, then V is a new array of that many elements, initialised to Java's default value for the base type.

?- jpl_new(array(byte), 4, JRef), jpl_array_to_list(JRef, Ds).
JRef = <jref>(0x12345678),
Ds = [0, 0, 0, 0].

If X denotes an array type and Args is a list of datums, each of which is (independently) castable to the array element type, then V is a new array of as many elements as Args has members, initialised to the results of casting the respective members of Args.

?- jpl_new(array(byte), [1,1,2,3,5,8], JRef), jpl_array_to_list(JRef, Ds).
JRef = <jref>(0x12345678),
Ds = [1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8].

If X denotes a non-array object type and Args is a list of datums, then V is the result of an invocation of that type's most specifically-typed constructor to whose respective parameters the members of Args are assignable (an exception is thrown if no such method is found).

jpl_call(+X, +Method, +Args, -V)

Call an instance method of a Java object, or a static method fo a Java class.

X can be:

Method can be:

Args must be:

Finally, an attempt will be made to unify V with the returned result.

jpl_set(+X, +Field, +V)

Set the Fspec field of the object or class represented by X to value V.

X can be:

Field can be:

V must be ground, and assignable.

jpl_get(+X, +Field, -V)

Get the value of an instance field of an object, or of a static field of a class.

X can be:

Field can be

Immediately before jpl_get/3 returns, an attempt will be made to unify V with the internally computed result.

Java inspection

jpl_class_to_classname(+Class, -Classname)

Class must be a JPL reference to a Java class object (i.e. an instance of java.lang.Class).

Classname is its canonical dotted name, e.g. 'java.util.Date'.

jpl_class_to_type(+Class, -Type)

Class must be a JPL reference to a Java class object (i.e. an instance of java.lang.Class).

Type is its JPL type, e.g. class([java,util],['Date']) or array(double).

jpl_classname_to_class(+Classname, -Class)

Classname must be a canonical dotted name (an atom) of a Java class, e.g. 'java.util.Date'.

Class is a JPL reference to a corresponding Java class object (i.e. an instance of java.lang.Class).

jpl_classname_to_type(+Classname, -Type)

Classname must be a canonical dotted name (an atom) of a Java class, e.g. 'java.util.Date'.

Type is its JPL type, e.g. class([java,util],['Date']).

jpl_datum_to_type(+Datum, -Type)

Datum must be a valid JPL representation of some Java object or value e.g. 3, fred, @(false).

Type is its JPL type, e.g. char_byte, class([java,lang],['String']), boolean.

jpl_is_class(@Term)

True if Term is a JPL reference to a Java class object, i.e. to an instance of java.lang.Class. No further instantiation of Term will take place; if Term is not ground, this predicate fails.

jpl_is_false(@Term)

True if Term is the JPL representation of the Java boolean value false. No further instantiation of Term will take place; if Term is not ground, this predicate fails. You could inline this as Term == @(false).

jpl_is_null(@Term)

True if Term is the JPL representation of the Java value null. No further instantiation of Term will take place; if Term is not ground, this predicate fails. You could inline this as Term == @(null).

jpl_is_object(@Term)

True if Term is a JPL reference to a Java object. No further instantiation of Term will take place; if Term is not ground, this predicate fails.

jpl_is_object_type(@Term)

True if Term is a JPL class or array type (but not null, void, or one of the primitive types). No further instantiation of Term will take place; if Term is not ground, this predicate fails.

jpl_is_ref(@Term)

True if Term is a JPL class or array type, or is null (i.e. the JPL type of Java's null reference) (but not void or one of the primitive types). No further instantiation of Term will take place; if Term is not ground, this predicate fails.

jpl_is_true(@Term)

True if Term is the JPL representation of the Java boolean value true. No further instantiation of Term will take place; if Term is not ground, this predicate fails. You could inline this as Term == @(true).

jpl_is_type(@Term)

True if Term is a JPL type, e.g. char_byte, float, array(int). No further instantiation of Term will take place; if Term is not ground, this predicate fails.

jpl_is_void(@Term)

True if Term is the JPL representation of the (notional but convenient) Java value void, i.e. @(void). No further instantiation of Term will take place; if Term is not ground, this predicate fails. You could inline this as Term == @(void).

jpl_object_to_class(+Object, -Class)

Object is a JPL reference to a Java object.

Class is a JPL reference to a Java class object (an instance of java.lang.Class) which represents Object's class).

jpl_object_to_type(+Object, -Type)

Object is a JPL reference to a Java object.

Type is its JPL type, e.g. array(boolean), class([javax,sql],['Timestamp']).

jpl_primitive_type(-Type)

Type is one of the JPL primitive types boolean, char, byte, short, int, long, float, double.

jpl_ref_to_type(+Ref, -Type)

Ref is a JPL reference to a Java object.

Type is the JPL type of Object, e.g. array(boolean), class([javax,sql],['Timestamp']).

jpl_type_to_class(+Type, -Class)

Type is a JPL class (or array) type, e.g. class([javax,sql],['Timestamp']) or array(boolean).

Class is a JPL reference to a Java class object (an instance of java.lang.Class) which corresponds to Type.

jpl_type_to_classname(+Type, -Classname)

Type is a JPL class (or array) type, e.g. class([javax,sql],['Timestamp']) or array(boolean).

Classname is its canonical dotted name (an atom), e.g. 'javax.sql.Timestamp' or '[Z'.

Utilities

jpl_array_to_length(+JRef, -Length)

JRef should be a JPL reference to a Java array.

Length is its length (an integer).

jpl_array_to_list(+JRef, -Datums)

JRef should be a JPL reference to a Java array (of any base type).

Datums is a list of JPL references to, or values of, its respective elements.

jpl_datums_to_array(+Datums, -JRef)

Datums should be a list of JPL references or values.

JRef is a JPL reference to a newly created Java array of corresponding objects or values. The base type of this array is the most specific Java type of which each member of Datums is (directly or indirectly) an instance. If there is no such type, this predicate fails. Values of Java primitive types are not automatically "boxed". Lists which are mixtures of numbers, booleans and object references cannot be converted to Java arrays with this predicate.

jpl_enumeration_element(+Enumeration, -Element) is nondet

Enumeration should be a JPL reference to a Java object whose class implements the java.util.Enumeration interface.

Element is an element of Enumeration. This predicate can generate each element of an enumeration.

jpl_enumeration_to_list(+Enumeration, -Elements)

Enumeration is a JPL reference to a Java object whose class implements the java.util.Enumerationinterface.

Elements is a list of JPL references to successive elements of Enumeration.

jpl_hashtable_pair(+Hashtable, -KeyValuePair)

Hashtable should be a JPL reference to a Java hashtable object (an instance of java.util.Hashtable).

KeyValuePair is a -/2 compound term whose first arg is a key (text atom or JPL reference) from Hashtable, and whose second arg is its corresponding value (text atom or JPL reference), e.g.fred-<jref>(0x1eb0000).

jpl_iterator_element(+Iterator, -Element) is nondet

Iterator should be a JPL reference to a Java object whose class implements the java.util.Iterator interface.

Element is a JPL reference to one of its elements. This predicate can generate all elements.

jpl_map_element(+Map, -KeyValuePair)

Map should be a JPL reference to a Java object whose class implements the java.util.Map interface.

KeyValuePair is a -/2 compound term whose first arg is a key (text atom or JPL reference) from Map, and whose second arg is the corresponding value (text atom or JPL reference), e.g. -(fred,<jref>(0x1eb0000)), or fred-<jref>(0x1eb0000) using conventional operator definitions.

jpl_set_element(+Set, -Element) is nondet

Set should be a JPL reference to a Java object whose class implements the java.util.Set interface.

Element is a JPL reference to an object (or null) within Set. This predicate can generate all elements of Set.

Miscellaneous

jpl_c_lib_version(-Version)

unifies Version to an atom (e.g. '7.4.0-alpha') whose name is the version identifier of the 'C' library which JPL is using.

jpl_c_lib_version(-Major, -Minor, -Patch, -Status)

unifies Major, Minor, Patch and Status to the corresponding components (e.g. 7, 4, 0 and alpha) of the version identifier of the 'C' library which JPL is using.